About LifeSource

LifeSource is a Palestinian collective working at the grassroots level, both locally and internationally, to grow a popular movement for Palestinian water rights by raising public awareness of water rights violations, promoting successful strategies of non-violent resistance, and connecting popular movements locally and globally in support of Palestinian and Arab water rights and accountability of Israel for water rights violations.

The Marseille Declaration for Palestinian Water Rights – full text in English, Arabic, French, Spanish

Show your support for this initiative and endorse the Marseille Declaration

 

Why This Is Important

The UN Human Rights Committee and other UN bodies have found Israel to be in violation of Palestinians' human right to water and sanitation.  But still Israel and multinational corporations are yet to be held accountable for violating this most basic human right.  With this Declaration, global citizens of conscience and water rights activists are declaring solidarity with the Palestinian people and committing to take concrete action to pressure Israel and global corporations to demonstrate a respect for human rights.

Blue Planet partnered with LifeSource to release a report on the Human Right to Water in Palestine, concluding: “It is the recommendation of this report that global citizens continue boycott, divestment and sanctions and other forms of resistance that are proving successful in building a global movement, with the aim of generating a global consensus around defying Israel’s illegal restrictions on Palestinian water and sanitation development.”

Together we can protect the human right to water for all.

Below is the full text of the Marseille Declaration in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

 

Alternative Water Forum 2012 – The Marseille Declaration

”We commit to take action in solidarity with Palestinian human rights, including the human right to water”

22 March 2012

Occupied Palestine – For years, the United Nations Human Rights Committee and other UN bodies have found Israel to be in violation of Palestinians human right to water and sanitation as part of normal reviews of Israel’s compliance with human rights treaties ratified by Israel.

In 2010 the UN General Assembly and the UN Human Rights Council passed resolutions, which together reaffirm “that governments have the primary responsibility for the realization of all human rights, including the right to water and sanitation.”

Yet Israel’s violations of Palestinians human right to water and sanitation are only increasing.  Between 2009 and 2011, Israel demolished 57 rainwater harvesting cisterns and 40 wells Palestinians depend on for their lives and livelihoods.[i] Military destruction of Palestinian water infrastructure is both a direct violation of the human right to water and a war crime under the Fourth Geneva Convention.

Average household water consumption of Palestinians connected to a network is less than half the World Health Organization’s minimum recommended daily allowance[ii] and 1/6 of average Israeli household consumption[iii].  Some of the poorest families are paying half of their income on water.

Israel’s obstruction of Palestinian water and sanitation development has prevented Palestinians from developing additional quantities of water agreed upon as part of the Oslo “peace process”[iv] and has forced Palestinians into a state of dependence upon purchasing Palestinian water from the Israeli national water company Mekorot.  Mekorot cuts supply to Palestinian communities in order to maintain unhindered service to Israeli colonies in the West Bank.

Israel’s illegal Wall through internationally recognized Palestinian land stands to cut Palestinians off from areas that would yield an addition 90 million cubic meters annually.[v]  Compare this amount to Palestinians total current water supply in the West Bank, which is just 180 million cubic meters, including water purchased from the Israeli national water company.[vi]

The siege on Gaza prevents the entry of spare parts, materials and energy needed for the day-to-day functioning of the water and wastewater networks, and obstructs much needed development of these systems.  The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict found that Israel intentionally targeted and destroyed wells, pipes, wastewater facilities, water reservoirs and the main power station.[vii] More than 90% of water produced from municipal wells in Gaza is unsuitable for human consumption.  Since 2005 Israel has damaged or destroyed more than 300 wells in a “buffer zone” unilaterally imposed by Israel inside of the territory of Gaza.[viii] According to international water law Gaza has a right to an equitable and reasonable share of water from the Coastal Aquifer, including from those portions within Israel.

Israel has only newly begun allowing wastewater treatment projects in occupied Palestinian territory.  After years of delays, including the murder of an on duty worker, projects in Gaza are now being implemented since Israel detected untreated and partially treated sewage released into the sea from Gaza at the Ashkelon desalination plant (12.5 kms, or 7.8 miles, directly north of Gaza).  For fifteen years following Oslo, Israel directly obstructed the development of wastewater treatment facilities in the West Bank using first bureaucracy and then its military. Israel paid one contractor a 1-million shekel settlement admitting Israel was at fault when the military shut down a wastewater treatment project after it was fully permitted.  Neighborhoods of Palestinian citizens of Israel often have poor sewage infrastructure despite paying equal or greater taxes than other Israeli citizens.  A number of Israeli colonies release untreated sewage into Palestinian communities.[ix]

The Israeli regime of institutionalized discrimination of Palestinians in Israel, the West Bank and Gaza constitutes apartheid under the Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.  The Russell Tribunal on Palestine concluded in its most recent session in Cape Town, South Africa, that, “Israel’s rule over the Palestinian people, wherever they reside, collectively amounts to a single integrated regime of apartheid”.  A recent French parliamentary report condemned Israeli policies in withholding water from Palestinians as “apartheid”.

Israel’s violations must be seen within the context of the 1948 Nakba, the systematic expulsion and denial of the internationally recognized right of return of the majority of Palestinians from their homes. Since the establishment of the state of Israel, thousands of ancient springs, cisterns, wells, wadis and river streams have been illegally appropriated from Palestinians. Israel has also modified the hydrological character of the land it occupied, e.g., the drainage of Buheirat el Huleh (Hula Valley) by the Jewish National Fund (JNF) in the 1950s, and the diversion of the lower Jordan River waters, contributing to the dramatic shrinking of the Dead Sea.  Just this month, Israel demolished the Bedouin village of Al Araquib in the Negev Desert a 36th time in order to allow the JNF to plant a forest and “green the desert”.

We launch this declaration calling upon global citizens of conscience to take action for Palestinian water rights as members of the global water rights movement are organizing to resist the corporatization of our common water heritage.  We launch this declaration here in Marseille, France, home to the World Water Council, the corporate think tank and lobby group founded by multinational corporations and the World Bank.  As the World Water Council convenes the 6th World Water Forum promoting the privatization of water and sanitation services, we call out the corporate members of this Council for profiting from the privatization of water and sanitation services globally – and in particular we call out the transnational French corporation Veolia for also providing sanitation services to the illegal Israeli settlement of Modin Illit which is colonizing Palestinian land, for illegally dumping garbage from Israel in the occupied Jordan Valley, and for profiting from apartheid transportation services that serve illegal colonies while denying Palestinians service.  Our struggles are intricately linked.  As we resist corporate and state profiteering from human rights violations in Palestine, we are resisting discrimination in access to water and promoting global water justice.

From Cochabamba, Bolivia to Palestine, we affirm the need for popular resistance to hold states and corporations accountable to a respect for human rights.  Today as Palestinians are risking what is left of their land and their homes and the trickle of water that they are able to currently access in order to demand that they be recognized as human beings with human rights, we know that we must take concrete action to support the growing movement demanding an end to Israeli impunity for human rights violations, including the human rights to water and sanitation.

Given the abject failure of world government to hold Israel accountable for its persistent violations of international law, including the right to water, Palestinians have called for people of conscience around the world to implement boycotts of, divestment from and sanctions (BDS) against Israel, inspired by the international nonviolent struggle that succeeded in ending apartheid in South Africa. The pillars of the movement are based on international law and inalienable rights of the Palestinian people with a goal of achieving freedom, justice and equality for all irrespective of race and creed.

As global citizens in an increasingly interconnected world it is imperative that we take action in our communities to protect the human rights of our brothers and sisters globally.

With the goal of holding Israel accountable so that Palestinians have their rights to water restituted and achieve self-determination with their full set of rights, we, activists for water justice, declare our support for the Palestinian-led BDS movement.  In particular we pledge to:

1.     Oppose the corporate expansion of the Israeli national water company, Mekorot, into international markets, Mekorot being one of the key instruments in denying Palestinians their water rights
2.     Boycott Israeli agricultural produce, campaigning to exclude Israeli agricultural companies (e.g. Mehadrin) from access to foreign markets and expose their role in the takeover of Palestinian land and water resources
3.     Support the Stop the JNF campaign and educate others about JNF’s “greenwashing” of Israeli crimes
4.     Boycott and divest from Veolia, the largest privatizer of public water supply in the world, and a main profiteer of Israeli apartheid
5.     Call for government sanctions on Israel, in particular, the end of all water-related cooperation agreements

 

Organizational Signatures:
LifeSource – Palestine
Stop the Wall
Middle East Children’s Alliance
Escuela del Pueblo Primero de Mayo – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Fundacion Abril – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Centre for Civil Society Environmental Justice Project, Durban, South Africa
Socio-economic Rights Institute of South Africa
Ecological Movement of South Africa
Focus on the Global South (Thailand, Philippines, India)
Enginyeria Sense Fronteras / Engineers Without Borders
Union Juive Française pour la Paix / French Jewish Union for a Just Peace
Jordan Valley Solidarity
Stop the JNF
International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network
KRuHA-Indonesia, people's coalition for the right to water
General Union of Palestine Students, Aix-Marseille
Union Démocratique Arabe en France
Le Réseau Palestine Bouches-du-Rhône
LaTele.cat / Assemblea per la Comunicació Social (Catalunya)
JUNTS, Associació Catalana de Jueus i Palestins
Other Worlds
Solo El Pueblo Salva Al Pueblo
Newcastle Palestine Solidarity Campaign
Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign
Rachel Corrie Foundation for Peace and Justice

Individual Signatures:
Marcela Olivera – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Oscar Olivera – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Blaine Grinder – Tsillqot'in Nation
Jackie Dugard – visiting senior fellow, School of Law, University of the Witwatersrand
Liz Marshall – Toronto, Canada
Pilar Esquinas – P.C. Canal Isabel II, Madrid
Daniela del Bene – Forum Italiano Movimenti Per L'Aqua and Cevi Italy
Marco Iob – Forum Italiano Movimenti Per L'Aqua/Comitato Italiano Contratto Mondialle Del L'Aqua
Jon Arrizabalaga – Ingenieria Sin Fronteras, Madrid
Prof. Uri Davis – Jaffa, Palestine
Annelies Broekman – President of the Xarxa per una Nova Cultura de l'Aigua
Luis Isarra – Federation of Water Workers from Peru (FENTAP)
Danilo Urrea – CENSAT, Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Chandra Talpade Mohanty – Professor, Department Of Women's And Gender Studies / Dean's Professor Of The Humanities
Lina Isma'il – Palestine
Zayneb Alshalalfeh – Palestine
Susan Koppelman – United States / Palestine
Irene Bonilla – Guadalajara, Mexico
Steve Fisher – United States / Mexico
Pancho Ramos Stierle – Oakland, California, Earth
Shir Hever – Germany/Israel
Donna Oakes – United States/New York
Colin Miller – Oakland, California

 

Forum Alternatif Mondial de l'Eau 2012 – La Déclaration de Marseille

"Nous nous engageons à des actions solidaires avec les droits humains des Palestiniens, y compris le droit à l'eau"

22 Mars 2012

Palestine Occupée – Depuis des années, dans le cadre des contrôles du respect par Israël des traités  relatifs aux droits de l'homme qu’il a ratifiés, le Comité des Droits de l'Homme des Nations Unies et d´autres organismes de l'ONU ont pris Israël en flagrant délit de violation du droit des Palestiniens à l'eau et à l'assainissement.

En 2010, l'Assemblée Générale des Nations Unies et le Conseil des Droits de l´Homme ont adopté des résolutions qui, ensemble, réaffirment que « les gouvernements sont responsables au premier chef de l’accès à tous les droits humains, y compris le droit à l'eau et à l'assainissement."

Pourtant, les violations par Israël du droit des Palestiniens à l'eau et à l'assainissement ne font qu'augmenter. Entre 2009 et 2011, Israël a démoli 57 citernes de récupération d'eau de pluie et 40 puits dont les Palestiniens dépendent pour leur subsistance. La destruction militaire des infrastructures palestiniennes d´adduction d’eau est à la fois une violation directe du droit de l´homme à l'eau et un crime de guerre selon la quatrième Convention de Genève.

La consommation moyenne en eau des ménages des Palestiniens connectés à l´eau courante est moins de la moitié de ce qui est recommandé quotidiennement par l'Organisation Mondiale de la Santé et 1/6e de la consommation moyenne des ménages israéliens. Certaines des familles les plus pauvres dépensent la moitié de leur revenu pour s’approvisionner en eau.

L'obstruction mise par Israël au développement de l'accès à l’eau et de l'assainissement pour les Palestiniens a empêché ces derniers de produire davantage d'eau, comme convenu dans le cadre du "processus de paix" des Accords d'Oslo. Cette obstruction a aussi contraint les Palestiniens à un état de dépendance  qui les oblige à acheter de l'eau à la compagnie nationale israélienne des eaux Mekorot. Mekorot coupe régulièrement l´eau fournie aux communautés palestiniennes afin de maintenir un service ininterrompu aux colonies israéliennes en Cisjordanie.

Le Mur illégal d'Israël, qui passe par des terres reconnues internationalement comme palestiniennes, coupe les Palestiniens de zones qui pourraient fournir un complément annuel de 90 millions de mètres cubes — Il n’est que de comparer ce volume à la fourniture totale d’eau courante de la Cisjordanie, qui est juste de 180 millions de mètres cubes, y compris l'eau achetée à la compagnie nationale des eaux israélienne.

Le siège de Gaza empêche l'entrée des pièces de rechange, de matériaux et d'énergie nécessaires au fonctionnement quotidien des réseaux d'eau et d'eaux usées, et empêche le développement cruellement nécessaire de ces réseaux. Une mission d´enquête des Nations Unies sur le conflit de Gaza a révélé qu´Israël a intentionnellement pris pour cible et détruit des puits, canalisations, usines de traitement des eaux usées, réservoirs d'eau et la station d'alimentation principale. Plus de 90% de l'eau extraite à partir de puits municipaux dans la bande de Gaza est impropre à la consommation humaine. Depuis 2005, Israël a endommagé ou détruit plus de 300 puits dans une «zone tampon» imposée unilatéralement par Israël à l'intérieur de la Bande de Gaza. Selon la loi internationale sur l'eau, Gaza a droit à une part équitable et raisonnable de l'eau de l'aquifère côtier, y compris de ses portions situées à l'intérieur d'Israël.

Israël n´a commencé à permettre que récemment de nouveaux projets de traitement des eaux usées dans les Territoires Palestinien Occupés. Après des années de retard, et l'assassinat d'un travailleur en service, les projets dans la bande de Gaza sont actuellement mis en œuvre depuis qu'Israël a détecté des eaux usées non traitées ou partiellement traitées rejetées dans la mer de Gaza près de l'usine de dessalement d'Ashkelon (a 12,5 km, ou 7,8 miles, directement au nord de la Bande de Gaza). Quinze ans après Oslo, Israël entrave directement le développement des installations de traitement des eaux usées en Cisjordanie en utilisant des moyens d'abord bureaucratiques, puis militaires. Israël a payé un million de shekels à un entrepreneur, en admettant avoir commis une faute lorsque l’armée a arrêté un projet de traitement des eaux usées qui avait été préalablement autorisé. Les systèmes d’évacuation des eaux usées des quartiers où vivent des Palestiniens ayant la nationalité israélienne sont souvent défectueux, alors qu´ils paient des impôts égaux ou supérieurs à ceux d'autres citoyens israéliens. Un certain nombre de colonies israéliennes déversent leurs eaux usées non traitées, directement dans les villages palestiniens.

Le régime israélien de discrimination institutionnalisée des Palestiniens en Israël, en Cisjordanie et dans la Bande de Gaza constitue un apartheid selon la Convention sur l'Elimination et la Répression du Crime d'Apartheid. Le Tribunal Russell sur la Palestine a conclu dans sa session la plus récente au Cap, en Afrique du Sud, que «la domination d'Israël sur le peuple palestinien, où qu'il réside, revient collectivement à un régime unique et intégré d'apartheid". Un récent rapport parlementaire français a condamné la politique israélienne de rétention d´eau aux Palestiniens et l’a qualifiée d’"apartheid".

Les violations par Israël doivent être considérées dans le contexte de la Nakba de 1948, l'expulsion systématique et le déni du droit internationalement reconnu de retour de la majorité des Palestiniens chassés de leurs maisons. Depuis la création de l'Etat d'Israël, des milliers de sources anciennes, de citernes, de puits, d’oueds et de cours d'eau ont été illégalement pris aux Palestiniens. Israël a également modifié le caractère hydrologique du terrain qu'il occupait, par exemple, avec le drainage de Buheirat el Houlé (vallée de Hula) par le Fonds National Juif (FNJ-KKL) dans les années 1950, et le détournement des eaux du cours inférieur du Jourdain, contribuant à un rétrécissement dramatique de la Mer Morte. Ce mois-ci, Israël a démoli le village bédouin d'Al Araquib dans le désert du Néguev pour la 36e fois afin de permettre au FNJ de planter une forêt et «faire verdir le désert».

Nous lançons cette déclaration qui appelle les citoyens conscients du monde entier à agir pour le droit à l’eau des Palestiniens, tandis que les membres du mouvement mondial pour le droit à l’eau s'organisent pour résister à la privatisation de notre patrimoine commun de l'eau. Nous lançons cette déclaration ici à Marseille, en France, hôte du Conseil Mondial de l'Eau, un groupe de réflexion et de pression d´entreprises fondé par des sociétés multinationales et par la Banque Mondiale. Alors que le Conseil Mondial de l'Eau lance le 6e Forum Mondial de l'Eau promouvant la privatisation de l'eau et des services d'assainissement, nous dénonçons les entreprises membres de ce Conseil qui tirent profit de la privatisation de l´eau et des services d'assainissement au niveau mondial. Nous dénonçons en particulier la compagnie transnationale française Veolia, fournisseur de services d'assainissement à la colonie israélienne illégale de Modin Illit qui colonise des terres palestiniennes, qui déverse illégalement des déchets en provenance d'Israël dans la vallée occupée du Jourdain, et qui profite des services de transport d'apartheid qui desservent des colonies illégales, tout en refusant de desservir les Palestiniens. Nos luttes sont intimement liées. En résistant aux entreprises et aux Etats profiteurs des violations des droits de l´homme en Palestine, nous résistons également à la discrimination dans l'accès à l'eau et promouvons la justice mondiale de l'eau.

De Cochabamba, en Bolivie à la Palestine, nous affirmons la nécessité pour la résistance populaire de tenir les Etats et les sociétés responsables du respect des droits de l'homme. Aujourd'hui, les Palestiniens risquent ce qui reste de leurs terres et de leurs maisons et de la faible quantité d'eau à laquelle ils ont accès, pour exiger d’être reconnus comme des êtres humains ayant des droits. Nous savons, alors, que nous devons prendre des mesures concrètes pour soutenir le mouvement  grandissant qui exige la fin de l'impunité d'Israël pour ses violations des droits de l'homme, y compris les droits à l'eau et à l'assainissement.

Compte tenu de la défaillance lamentable des gouvernements du monde à tenir Israël responsable de ses violations persistantes du droit international, y compris du droit à l'eau, les Palestiniens ont appelé les personnes de conscience partout dans le monde à mettre en œuvre le boycott, le désinvestissement et les sanctions (BDS) contre Israël, inspiré par la lutte non-violente internationale qui a réussi à mettre fin à l'apartheid en Afrique du Sud. Les piliers de ce mouvement sont basés sur le droit international et les droits inaliénables du peuple palestinien avec pour objectif d'atteindre la liberté, la justice et l'égalité pour tous, sans distinction de race ni de croyance.

En tant que citoyens du monde dans un monde de plus en plus interconnecté, il est impératif que nous agissions dans nos milieux pour protéger les droits de l'homme de nos frères et sœurs globalement.

Tenant Israël pour responsable de la restauration du droit à l’eau des Palestiniens, de leur accès à l'autodétermination et à la jouissance de l’ensemble de leurs droits, nous, militants pour la justice de l'eau, déclarons notre soutien pour le mouvement palestinien dirigé par le BDS. En particulier nous nous engageons à:

1. Nous opposer à l'expansion de la société nationale de l'eau israélienne, Mekorot, sur les marchés internationaux, Mekorot étant l'un des instruments clés du refus aux Palestiniens de leur droit a l'eau.
2. Boycotter les produits agricoles israéliens, et faire campagne afin d'exclure les entreprises agricoles israéliennes (telle Mehadrin) de l'accès aux marchés étrangers et d'expliquer leur rôle dans la prise de contrôle des terres et des ressources en eau palestiniennes.
3. Soutenir la campagne Stop le FNJ-KKL et éduquer les gens sur le «verdissement» par le FNJ des crimes israéliens.
4. Boycotter et désinvestir Veolia, le plus grand é « privatiseur » de l´approvisionnement public en eau au monde, et un profiteur majeur de l'apartheid israélien.
5. Appeler à des sanctions gouvernementales contre Israël, en particulier à mettre fin à tous les accords de coopération liés à l'eau.

 

Foro Alternativo Mundial del Agua 2012 – La Declaración de Marsella

”Nos comprometemos a tomar acciones solidarias con los Derechos Humanos Palestinos, incluido el Derecho Humano al Agua”

22 de marzo de 2012

Palestina – Hace años que el Comité de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas dictamina que Israel viola el Derecho Humano palestino al agua y a los servicios sanitarios, como parte de su revisión normal de la aplicación por parte de Israel de los tratados sobre Derechos Humanos ratificados por Israel.

En  2010, la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas y el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas han emitido resoluciones que, juntas, reafirman “que los gobiernos tienen la responsabilidad primordial para la realización de todos los Derechos Humanos, incluido el derecho al agua y a los servicios sanitarios”.  

Sin embargo, las violaciones por parte de Israel del Derecho Humano al agua y a los servicios sanitarios no dejan de aumentar. Entre 2009 y 2001, Israel destruyó 57 cisternas de recogida de agua y 40 pozos cuya existencia es vital para los medio de vida de la población palestina.[i] La destrucción por parte de militares de las infraestructuras de agua palestinas constituye un crimen de guerra a la luz de la cuarta Convención de Ginebra.

EL consumo medio de agua por hogar palestino conectado con una red es menos de la mitad del mínimo diario recomendado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud[ii] y la sexta parte  del consumo medio de un hogar israelí[iii].  Algunas de las familias más pobres gastan la mitad de sus ingresos en agua.

La obstrucción por parte de Israel al desarrollo de las infraestructuras de agua y servicios sanitarios palestinos ha impedido que los Palestinos pudieran producir cantidades de agua suplementarias acordadas como parte del “proceso de paz de Oslo”[iv] y ha conducido a la fuerza los Palestinos a un estado de dependencia, teniendo ellos que comprar agua palestina a la empresa nacional de agua israelí Mekorot.  Mekorot corta el suministro a las comunidades palestinas para mantener el servicio de suministro inalterado a las colonias israelíes de Cisjordania.

El muro ilegal israelí que pasa por tierra palestina reconocida a nivel internacional corta los Palestinos de muchas áreas que aportarían unos 90 millones de metros cúbicos suplementarios anuales.[v]  Pueden comparar esta cantidad con el suministro de agua actual palestino para Cisjordania, que apenas alcanza los 180 millones de metros cúbicos, incluida el agua comprada a la compañía nacional de agua israelí.[vi]

El bloqueo de Gaza impide la entrada de piezas sueltas, de materiales y de la energía necesaria par un funcionamiento cotidiano de las redes de agua y de aguas usadas, y obstruye el desarrollo muy necesario de estos sistemas. La Misión Internacional Independiente sobre el Establecimiento de los Hechos de Naciones Unidas en el conflicto de Gaza dictaminó que Israel apuntó y destruyó intencionalmente pozos, tuberías, instalaciones de agua usadas, cisternas de agua y la principal central eléctrica.[vii] Más de 90% del agua producida por los pozos municipales en Gaza son inaptos para el consumo humano. Desde 2005, Israel ha dañado o destruido más de 300 pozos en una “zona tampón” impuesta unilateralmente por Israel dentro del territorio de Gaza.[viii] Según la legislación internacional sobre el agua, Gaza tiene derecho a una parte razonable y justa del agua de los acuíferos costeros, incluidas aquellas partes dentro de Israel.

Israel apenas ha empezado de nuevo a permitir proyectos de tratamiento de aguas usadas en los Territorios Palestinos Ocupados. Después de años de retraso, incluido el asesinato de un trabajador, los proyectos en Gaza están siendo implementados desde que Israel detectó aguas residuales no tratadas y parcialmente tratadas en el mar de Gaza, en la planta desalinizadora de Ashkelon (12.5 Km. o 7.8 millas, directamente al norte de Gaza).  Durante quince años después de Oslo, Israel obstruyó directamente el desarrollo de instalaciones de tratamiento de aguas usadas en Cisjordania, utilizando primero la burocracia y luego su ejercito. Israel pagó a un proveedor 1 millón de shekels en un acuerdo judicial y admitió su responsabilidad al cerrar los militares un proyecto de tratamiento de aguas usadas después  de que éste fuera completamente autorizado. Los barrios de ciudadanos palestinos de Israel tienen a menudo unas infraestructuras deficientes para el tratamiento de aguas usadas, a pesar de que pagan los mismos impuestos o más que los demás ciudadanos israelíes. Una cantidad importante de colonias israelíes evacuan aguas usadas sin tratar dentro de las comunidades palestinas..[ix]

El régimen israelí de discriminación institucionalizada de los Palestinos en Israel, en Cisjordania y en Gaza constituye un crimen de Apartheid bajo la Convención sobre la Supresión y el Castigo del Crimen de Apartheid. El Tribunal Russel sobre Palestina concluyó durante su sesión más reciente en Ciudad del Cabo, Sudáfrica, que “la dominación de Israel sobre el pueblo palestino, cual sea su lugar de residencia, colectivamente equivale a un régimen único integrado de Apartheid”. Un informe parlamentario francés reciente condenó  las políticas israelíes de retención del agua de los Palestinos y las definió como “Apartheid”.

Se debe considerar las violaciones de Israel en el contexto de la Nakba de 1948, la expulsión y negación sistemática del derecho al retorno de la mayoría de los Palestinos a sus hogares, derecho reconocido internacionalmente. Desde el establecimiento del Estado de Israel, miles de antiguas fuentes, cisternas, pozos, waris y lechos de ríos han sido confiscados ilegalmente a la población palestina.
Israel también ha modificado el carácter hidrológico de la tierra que ha ocupado, por ejemplo, mediante el drenaje de Buheirat el Huleh (el valle de Hula) por el Fondo Nacional Judío (JNF) en los años 1950s, y la desviación de las aguas del río Jordán más bajo, contribuyendo así a la reducción dramática del Mar Muerto. Este mes justamente, Israel destruyó el poblado beduino de Al Araquib en el desierto del Negev por la 36ª vez, para permitir que el FNJ plantara un bosque y según la expresión consagrada “hiciera florecer el desierto”.

Lanzamos esta declaración y apelamos a los ciudadanos globales de consciencia a tomar acciones para los Derechos al Agua de los Palestinos, al mismo tiempo que los miembros del movimiento global para los Derechos al Agua se están organizando para resistir a la privatización de nuestro patrimonio de agua común. Lanzamos esta declaración aquí en Marsella, Francia, hogar del Consejo Mundial del Agua, el think tank privado y grupo de lobbying fundado por las corporaciones transnacionales y el Banco Mundial. Como el Consejo Mundial del Agua lanza el 6 Foro Mundial del Agua para promover la privatización del agua y de los servicios sanitarios, denunciamos el hecho que las empresas miembros de este Consejo se aprovechan de la privatización del agua y de los servicios sanitarios globalmente –en particular denunciamos a la multinacional francesa Veolia por proveer servicios de tratamiento del agua a la colonia israelí ilegal de Modin Illit que coloniza tierra palestina, por tirar ilegalmente residuos israelíes en el Valle del Jordán ocupado y por sacar provecho de los servicios de transporte del Apartheid que conectan las colonias ilegales mientras niegan estos servicios a los Palestinos. Nuestras luchas están estrechamente ligadas. Al resistir a que el Estado y las multinacionales se aprovechen de las violaciones de Derechos Humanos en Palestina, resistimos contra la discriminación del acceso al agua y promovemos una justicia global para el agua.

De Cochabamba, Bolivia, a Palestina, afirmamos la necesidad de una resistencia popular para poner los Estados y corporaciones frente a su responsabilidad referente a los Derechos Humanos. Hoy, mientras los Palestinos arriesgan lo que les queda de tierra y sus hogares, y el hilo de agua al que actualmente acceden, para pedir que se les reconozca como seres humanos con Derechos Humanos, sabemos que debemos tomar acciones concretas para apoyar el movimiento creciente que pide el final de la impunidad israelí en cuanto a violaciones de los Derechos Humanos se refiere, incluido el derecho al agua y a  sistemas sanitarios.

Dado el fracaso vil de los gobiernos del mundo para pedir cuentas a Israel por sus violaciones persistentes del derecho internacional, incluido el derecho al agua, los Palestinos han apelado a las personas de conciencia del mundo a implementar medidas de boicot, desinversión y sanciones (BDS) contra Israel, inspirándose en la lucha no violenta que consiguió poner fin al Apartheid en Sudáfrica. Los pilares del movimiento se basan en el derecho internacional y en los derechos inalienables del pueblo palestino, con el objetivo de conseguir libertad, justicia e igualdad para todos, cuales sean su raza o religión.

Como ciudadanos globales en un mundo cada vez más interconectado, es imperativo que tomemos acciones en nuestras comunidades para proteger los Derechos Humanos de nuestros hermanos y hermanas a nivel global.

Con el objetivo de pedir cuentas a Israel para que los derechos de los Palestinos al agua les sean restituidos y que consigan su autodeterminación con todos los derechos que ello implica, nosotros activistas para la justicia del agua, declaramos nuestro apoyo al movimiento BDS liderado por Palestina.
En particular, nos comprometemos a:

1.     Oponernos a la expansión corporativa de la compañía de agua nacional israelí Mekorot en los mercados internacionales, pues Mekorot es unos de los instrumentos clave para la negación de los derechos del agua de los Palestinos.
2.     Boicotear los productos agrícolas, hacer campañas para excluir las compañías agrícolas israelíes (p. ej. Mehadrin) del acceso a los mercados exteriores y  exponer su papel en la confiscación de tierra palestina y de recursos hídricos.
3.     Apoyar la campaña Stop the JNF (Parar al FNJ) e informar a otros sobre la “limpieza verde” de los crímenes israelíes por parte de FNJ.
4.     Boicotear y desinvertir de Veolia, la mayor privatizadora de suministro de agua mundial y la que se aprovecha más del Apartheid israelí.
5.     Apelar a sanciones gubernamentales contre Israel, en particular, el final de los acuerdos de cooperación ligados al agua.

 

منتدى المياه العالمي البديل  2012  –   اعلان مرسيليا
"  نحن نلتزم بدعم حقوق الحقوق الانسانية الفلسطينية ومن ضمنها حق المياه "

18   اذار  2012

فلسطين المحتلة  –   لسنوات وجدت لجنة حقوق الانسان في الامم المتحدة ومنظمات الامم المتحدة الاخرى خلال مراجعات الاتفاقيات التي وقعتها اسرائيل والتزامها بمبادئ حقوق الانسان ان اسرائيل تنتهك حقوق المياه والصرف الصحي الفلسطينية .
 
عام  2010  اصدرت  الجمعية العامة للامم المتحدة ومجلس الامم المتحدة لحقوق الانسان قرار يؤكد على مسؤولية الحكومات عن توفير جميع الحقوق الانسانية ومن ضمنها حقوق المياه والصرف الصحي ".
 
لا زالت الانتهاكات الاسرائيلية لحقوق المياه والصرف الصحي الفلسطينية تتزايد رغم ذلك .  خلال السنوات  2009  –  2011  قامت اسرائيل بتدمير  57  بئر جمع و  40  بئر جوفي في فلسطين  يعتمد عليها الفلسطينيين في معيشتهم .  يعتبر تدمير البنى التحتية لقطاع المياه انتهاك صريح لحقوق الانسان في المياه وجريمة حسب اتفاقية جنيف الرابعة .
 
يقدر متوسط الاستهلاك اليومي من المياه للفرد الفلسطيني باقل من نصف الحد الادنى الذي توصي به منظمة الصحة العالمية .  و سدس معدل استهلاك الفرد في اسرائيل .  تنفق بعض الاسر الفقيرة نصف دخلها على المياه .

منعت العوائق الاسرائيلية المفروضة على تطوير قطاع المياه والصؤف الصحي الفلسطينيين الحصول على اي كميات اضافية من المياه حسب نص اوسلو وخلقت تبعية لاسرائيل حيث يعتمدون على شراء المياه من شركة المياه الاسرائيلية ميكوروت .  تقوم ميكوروت بقطع المياه عن المجتمعات الفلسطينية لتزويد المستوطنات بكميات مياه غير محدودة .

عمل جدار الفصل العنصري المقام على الاراضي الفلسطينية على فصل الفلسطينيين عن مناطق انتاجهم المستقبلي التي يمكن ان تنتج  90  مليون متر مكعب سنويا .  بمقارنة هذه الكمية مع مجمل المياه المتوفرة للاستهلاك في الضفة والتي تساوي فقط  180  متر مكعب سنويا شاملة للمياه المشتراة من ميكورت فان مناطق الانتاج المستقبلي التي يفصلها الجدار كبيرة .
 
يمنع الحصار على غزة دخول المواد وقطع الغيار اللازمة للتشغيل اليومي لشبكة المياه والصرف الصحي ويعيق تنمية هذا القطاع .  وجدت بعثة الامم المتحدة لتقصي الحقائق في غزة اثر الحرب في 2006 ان اسرائيل كانت تستهدف وبشكل متعمد الابار الجوفية والانابيب وخدمات الصرف الصحي وخزانات المياه ومحطة الوقود المركزية. وتعد نسبة اكثر من 95% من مياه الابار البلدية في غزة غير صالحة للاستخدام البشري. منذ 2005 قامت اسرائيل بتدمير اكثر من 300 بئر جوفي في المنطقة العازلة في غزة التي تفرض اسرائيل قيودا عليها في القطاع. حسب القانون الدولي للمياه فلغزة الحق في حصة عادلة من مياه الحوض الجوفي الساحلي المشترك مع اسرائيل بما في ذلك حقها في الجزء من الحوض الواقع في اسرائيل.

بدات اسرائيل مؤخرا فقط بمنح الفلسطينيين الحق في عمل مشاريع لمعالجة مياه الصرف الصحي، وياتي ذلك بعد سنوات من التاخير ومقتل بعض العاملين في القطاع. يتم الان بدا مشاريع في غزة منذ اكتشاف اسرائيل تسرب بعض مياه الصرف الصحي غير المعالجة او المعالجة جزئيا من غزة الى مصنع اشكلون ( على بعد 12.5 كيلو متر او 7.8 ميل شمال غزة) بعد مضي 14 سنة على اوسلو تقوم اسرائيل باغلاق خدمات معالجة مياة الصرف الصحي في الضفة بشكل مباشر  باستخدام الاجراءات البيروقراطية والقوة العسكرية. قامت اسرائيل بدفع مبلغ مليون شيكل لاحد المتعهدين تعويض عن خطاها بعدما قام الجيش الاسرائيلي باغلاق احد مشاريع معالجة مياه الصرف الصحي وذلك بعد اعطاء ترخيص للسماح بتنفيذ المشروع. بالنسبة لفلسطينيي الداخل فهم يتلقون خدمات صرف صحي سيئة رغم قيامهم بدفع مبلغ مساو او يزيد عما يدفعه الفلسطينيين. وتقوم عدد من المستوطنات الاسرائيلية بتصريف مياه الصرف الصحي التي ينتجونها الى المدن والقرى الفلسطينية المجاورة.
يعمل النظام الاسرائيلي العنصري ضد الفلسطينيين في الداخل، والقيود العنصرية على غزة والضفة بالاضافة الى التحكم الاسرائيلي على فرض نظام فصل عنصري. وقد استنتجت محكمة راسيل في اخر جلسة لها في كيب تاون، جنوب افريقيا: " يشكل تعامل اسرائيل مع الفلسطينيين اينما وجدوا نظام فصل عنصري واحد  مترابط". وقد وصف تقرير نشر مؤخرا للبرلمان الفرنسي السياسة الاسرائيلية المائية بساسية فصل عنصري.

يجب رؤية الانتهاكات الاسرائيلية ضمن اطار النكبة، حيث يمنع الفلسطينيين بشكل منظم من حقهم المعترف به دوليا في العودة الى وطنهم. منذ تاسيس دولة اسرائيل تمت مصادرة الاف الينابيع القديمة، وابار الجمع، والابار الارتوازية، والاودية، والروافد بشكل غير قانوني. كما وقامت اسرائيل بتغير الطبيعة الهيدرولوجية للارض المحتلة: كقيام الصندوق القومي اليهودي عام 1950 بتجفيف بحيرة الحولة مثلا، كذلك تحويل مسار مياه نهر الاردن مما ساهم في نقص كبير في مياه البحر الميت. ومن الانتهاكات الحديثة مثلا قيام اسرائيل بتدمير قرية العراقيب في صحراء النقب للمرة 36 وذلك بهدف زراعة غابة مكان القرية "لجعل الصحراء خضراء".

نناشد في هذا الاعلان كل فرد في العالم ان يساند الحقوق المائية الفلسطينية كجزء من النضال الشعبي العالمي ضد التحكم بالمياه. نبدا هذا الاعلان هنا من مرسيليا – فرنسا حيث مقر مجلس المياه العالمي الذي يشكل جماعة ضاغطة تتكون من عدة شركات دولية اضافة الى البنك الدولي. وحيث ان مجلس المياه العالمي نظم منتدى المياه العالمي السادس للترويج خصخصة خدمات المياه والصرف الصحي فاننا نطالب الشركات اعضاء هذا المجلس بايقاف الانتفاع من خصخصة خدمات المياه والصرف الصحي في العالم، ونطالب على وجه الخصوص الشركة الفرنسية الدولية فيوليا بايقاف تقديم خدمات النظافة لمستوطنة مودن ايليت الاسرائيلية غير الشرعية التي تحتل الارض الفلسطينية، كذلك عن ايقاف كب النفايات الاسرائيلية في غور الاردن، وايقاف الانتفاع من خدمات المواصلات العنصرية التي تربط المستوطنات غير الشرعية ويمنع من استعمالها الفلسطينيين. والنضال من اجل حقوق المياه مترابط حيث اننا في مواجهتنا للشركات والدول المنتفعة من انتهاك حقوق الانسان في فلسطين فاننا نواجة التمييز في حق الحصول على المياه، وندعم العدالة المائية.

من شوكابمبا، بوليفيا الى فلسطين نؤكد الحاجة الى حركة شعبية للحفاظ على احترام الدول والشركات لحقوق الانسان. اليوم حيث ان الفلسطينيين يخاطرون بما تبقى من ارضهم، وبيوتهم، وما تبقى من مياههم ويمكنهم استخدامه لاجل الاعتراف بحقوقهم الانسانية، فانه يجب علينا دعمهم لانشاء حركة شعبية لوضد حد لافلات اسرائيل من العقوبات نتيجة انتهاكها لحقوق الانسان ومن ضمنها حقوق المياه.

بسبب الفشل المخيب للامال للحكومات في العالم في محاسبة اسرائيل على اصرارها عى الاستمرار في انتهاكاتها لحقوق الانسان بما في ذلك الحقوق المائية، فان الفلسطينيين يناشدون جميع اصحاب الضمائر الحية في العالم على دعم حملة المقاطعة وحسب الاستثمارات وفرض العقوبات على اسرائيل احتداء بنجاح المقاطعة في انهاء نظام الفصل العنصري في جنوب افريقيا. الداعمين لهذه الحملة يستندون على القانون الدولي والحق المطلق للفلسطينيين في تحقيق هدفهم في الحرية والعدالة والمساواة للجميع بغض النظر عن اعراقهم واديانهم.

كمواطنين في هذا العالم الذي يزيد التقدم التكنولوجي فيه من قدرة الناس على التواصل من الواجب علينا دعم حقوق اخواننا واخواتنا في المجتمعات الاخرى.

بهدف محاسبة اسرائيل لتمكين الفلسطينيين من الحصول على حقوقهم المائية، فاننا كنشطاء من اجل الحقوق المائية نعلن دعمنا لحملة المقاطعة وسحب الاستثمارات وفرض العقوبات على اسرائيل ونؤكد على ما يلي خاصة:

  1. معارضة نمو شركة المياه الوطنية الاسرائيلية ميكوروت ووصولها الى الاسواق العالمية، حيث ان ميكوروت  من الادوات الهامة التي تستخدم لحرمان الفلسطينيين من حقوقهم المائية.
  2. مقاطعة المنتجات الزراعية الاسرائيلية، والسعي لمنع الشركات الزراعية الاسرائيلية مثل مهادرين من الوصول للاسواق الاجنبية، وفضح دورهم في احتلال الارض والمياه الفلسطينية.
  3. دعم حملة مقاطعة الصندوق القومي اليهودي والعمل على توعية الاخرين بدوره في تغطية الجرائم الاسرائيلية بحجة الحفاظ على البيئة.
  4. مقاطعة فيوليا وسحب الاستثمارات منها، وذلك انها اكبر شركة خصخصة للمياه في العالم ومستفيد اساسي من التمييز العنصري الالسرائيلي.
  5. دعوة الحكومات الى فرض عقوبات على اسرائيل وخاصة انهاء جميع العقود والاتفاقيات معها المتعلقة بالمياه.

[i] EWASH Advocacy Task Force, “Demolition & destruction of water, sanitation & hygiene (WASH) infrastructure in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT),” Fact Sheet 11, December 2011.
[ii] According to the World Bank, after losses from the network, average net consumption at the household level is 50 liters (13.2 gallons) per person per day.  This is just 50% of the World Health Organization’s minimum recommended daily allowance of 100 liters.  –World Bank (2009), “Assessment of Restrictions on Palestinian Water Sector Development,” p. 17.
[iii] Average Israeli domestic water consumption is 300 liters per person per day, including both freshwater and desalinated seawater.
[iv] “Amongst the well drilling projects not approved by the JWC [Joint Water Committee] or still pending JWC or CA [Civil Administration] approval, were 82 well drilling projects which were presented by the PWA as part of the agreed quantum under Article 40.”  World Bank (2009), p. 49.
[v] From Clemens Messerschmid (2011), “The Last Sip: Water crisis in Palestine [Arabic publication],” p. 6.
[vi] Israel Water Authority (April, 2009), “The Issue of Water between Israel and the Palestinians,” (p. 15).
[vii] “Report of the United Nations Fact Finding Mission on the Gaza Conflict,” para. 1023, UN Doc. A/HRC/12/48 (15 September 2009).
[viii] United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (August 2010) “Between the Fence and a Hard Place: The humanitarian impact of Israeli-imposed restrictions on access to land and sea in the Gaza Strip.” http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_special_focus_2010_08_19_english.pdf
[ix] B’tselem (2009), “Foul Play: Neglect of Wastewater Treatment in the West Bank”.

 

LifeSource – Palestine
Stop the Wall
Middle East Children’s Alliance
Escuela del Pueblo Primero de Mayo – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Fundacion Abril – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Centre for Civil Society Environmental Justice Project, Durban, South Africa
Socio-economic Rights Institute of South Africa
Ecological Movement of South Africa
Focus on the Global South (Thailand, Philippines, India)
Enginyeria Sense Fronteras / Engineers Without Borders
Union Juive Française pour la Paix / French Jewish Union for a Just Peace
Jordan Valley Solidarity
Stop the JNF
International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network
KRuHA-Indonesia, people's coalition for the right to water
General Union of Palestine Students, Aix-Marseille
Union Démocratique Arabe en France
Le Réseau Palestine Bouches-du-Rhône
LaTele.cat / Assemblea per la Comunicació Social (Catalunya)
JUNTS, Associació Catalana de Jueus i Palestins
Other Worlds
Solo El Pueblo Salva Al Pueblo
Newcastle Palestine Solidarity Campaign
Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign
Rachel Corrie Foundation for Peace and Justice

Individual Signatures:
Marcela Olivera – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Oscar Olivera – Cochabamba, Bolivia
Blaine Grinder – Tsillqot'in Nation
Jackie Dugard – visiting senior fellow, School of Law, University of the Witwatersrand
Liz Marshall – Toronto, Canada
Pilar Esquinas – P.C. Canal Isabel II, Madrid
Daniela del Bene – Forum Italiano Movimenti Per L'Aqua and Cevi Italy
Marco Iob – Forum Italiano Movimenti Per L'Aqua/Comitato Italiano Contratto Mondialle Del L'Aqua
Jon Arrizabalaga – Ingenieria Sin Fronteras, Madrid
Prof. Uri Davis – Jaffa, Palestine
Annelies Broekman – President of the Xarxa per una Nova Cultura de l'Aigua
Luis Isarra – Federation of Water Workers from Peru (FENTAP)
Danilo Urrea – CENSAT, Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Chandra Talpade Mohanty – Professor, Department Of Women's And Gender Studies / Dean's Professor Of The Humanities
Lina Isma'il – Palestine
Zayneb Alshalalfeh – Palestine
Susan Koppelman – United States / Palestine
Irene Bonilla – Guadalajara, Mexico
Steve Fisher – United States / Mexico
Pancho Ramos Stierle – Oakland, California, Earth
Shir Hever – Germany/Israel
Donna Oakes – United States/New York
Colin Miller – Oakland, California

World Water Day 2012: The Global Water Rights Movement is Joining Forces with the Palestine Solidarity Movement

 

New developments led by the Palestinian water justice collective LifeSource, signal global solidarity with the Palestinian people and support for boycott, divestment and sanctions as a way to hold Israel and corporations accountable to human rights violations.

I. Organizations and activists working for water justice globally have signed the Marseille Declaration for Palestinian Water Rights pledging to:

  1. Oppose the corporate expansion of the Israeli national water company, Mekorot, into international markets, Mekorot being one of the key instruments in denying Palestinians their water rights
  2. Boycott Israeli agricultural produce, campaigning to exclude Israeli agricultural companies (e.g. Mehadrin) from access to foreign markets and expose their role in the takeover of Palestinian land and water resources
  3. Support the Stop the JNF campaign and educate others about JNF’s “greenwashing” of Israeli crimes
  4. Boycott and divest from Veolia, the largest privatizer of public water supply in the world, and a main profiteer of Israeli apartheid
  5. Call for government sanctions on Israel, in particular, the end of all water-related cooperation agreements
     

**Endorsements include:

-Marcela Olivera and Oscar Olivera from Cochabamba, Bolivia from the Coalition for the Defense of Water and Life, who led the movement that famously succeeded to resist the privatization of state water in Bolivia in a battle that shut down the city for days.

-Jackie Dugard and the Socio-economic Rights Institute of South Africa who led the legal battle against prepaid water meters in South Africa and won

-Focus on the Global South and other organizations and individuals who attended the 2012 Alternative World Water Forum last week in Marseille

-ADD YOUR ENDORSEMENT HERE!
 

II. The Marseille Declaration follows the launch of a new report on the Human Right to Water in Palestine published by Blue Planet Project in partnership with LifeSource.

“It is the recommendation of this report that global citizens continue boycott, divestment and sanctions and other forms of resistance that are proving successful in building a global movement, with the aim of generating a global consensus around defying Israel’s illegal restrictions on Palestinian water and sanitation development.”

Blue Planet Project is a leader in the global water justice movement. The founder of this project, Maude Barlow, served as Senior Advisor on Water to the President of the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly.  This report marks an important landmark in the movement for boycott, divestment and sanctions of Israel.

 

III. This Friday six Palestinian villages throughout the West Bank will be connecting their local popular struggle against the Wall with their struggle as Palestinians for their basic human right to water.

The Wall isolates 19 wells in Qalqilya and 27 springs in Bethlehem.

Every week the people of Nabi Saleh in Northern Ramallah district march symbolically to their freshwater spring which was stolen by the illegal Israeli colony Halamish

 

LifeSource plans to use new developments globally to bring much needed support to communities engaged in popular struggle for the right to water on the ground and in the collective’s work educating global citizens about Palestinian water justice and actions we each can take in our communities to protect the human rights of our brothers and sisters globally.  Visit LifeSource online at www.LifeSource.ps

 

 

Blue Planet Project publishes a report in partnership with LifeSource calling for BDS

Blue Planet Project, an international civil society movement begun by the well-respected Council of Canadians, has published a report in partnership with LifeSource on The Human Right to Water in Palestine outlining Israeli violations of the human right to water and nonviolent resistance to these violations, recommending the boycott of Israel.  

In this report written by local experts and grassroots activists who are a part of the Palestinian LifeSource collective, we learn that Israel has been found guilty by independent UN bodies of violations of the human right to water, but these findings have not led to any improvement in the condition of Palestinians on the ground.  

In fact, Israeli violations have been increasing.  Israel is demolishing Palestinian water and sanitation infrastructure, cutting water to Palestinian communities and using military force to prevent Palestinians from drilling wells and accessing their fair share of transboundary water resources.  Israel is drilling deep wells in the West Bank in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention and exploiting underground water resources from deep wells inside of Israel in violation of its commitments under Oslo.

The authors make a compelling case for boycott, divestment and sanctions as a nonviolent means to pressure Israel to comply with international law and respect Palestinians human right to water and sanitation.

 “It is the recommendation of this report that global citizens continue boycott, divestment and sanctions and other forms of resistance that are proving successful in building a global movement, with the aim of generating a global consensus around defying Israel’s illegal restrictions on Palestinian water and sanitation development.”

Blue Planet Project is a leader in the global water justice movement.  This report marks an important landmark in the movement for boycott, divestment and sanctions of Israel.

Blue Planet Project is active with local organizations and activists working on grassroots struggles to protect democratic, community control of water, and building a movement to secure an international treaty on the Right to Water.  The founder of this project, Maude Barlow, served as Senior Advisor on Water to the President of the 63rd session of the United Nations General Assembly.

LifeSource is a Palestinian collective working at the grassroots level, both locally and internationally, to grow a popular movement for Palestinian water rights by raising public awareness of water rights violations, promoting successful strategies of non-violent resistance, and connecting popular movements locally and globally in support of Palestinian water rights.

 

For more information:

www.lifesource.ps

http://www.blueplanetproject.net/

waterjustice@lifesource.ps

+972 (0)598 318 346

LifeSource heads 3-person Palestinian delegation to Alternative World Water Forum

Ramallah – Marseille – 11 March
As Dr Shaddad, the Director of the Palestinian Water Authority, leads a 50-person delegation to the corporate-led World Water Forum in Marseilles which is promoting the privatization of water supply and sanitation services, a Palestinian delegation will be attending the parallel Alternative World Water Forum promoting Palestinians human right to water among the global water rights community.

A delegation led by LifeSource and Al Haq will present on “Local/Global Activism for Palestinian Water Rights” promoting BDS of Israel, “Prepaid Water Meters in Palestine,” and “Discriminatory Access to Water in the OPT: Practices of Apartheid?”

 

Jewish National Fund

JNF reservoir Nahal Oz near Jericho

 

The Jewish National Fund (JNF) was created in 1901 for the purpose of colonizing Palestine for the State of Israel.  The JNF has played a lead role in developing water resources, yet systematically denies Palestinians benefit from its projects, including even from a reservoir located in occupied West Bank.

The JNF has constructed the Nahal Oz reservoir near Jericho in the occupied Jordan Valley for the exclusive benefit of illegal Israeli settlers.  Nearby Palestinian communities struggle to access water for drinking and are unable to irrigate their land.

Israel has demolished the Bedouin village of Al Araquib in the Negev desert 36 times in order to allow the JNF to plant a forest and “green the desert”.  Israel has prevented Bedouin communities that it does not “recognize” from benefitting from local water supply networks.  Israel has repeatedly destroyed and confiscated water tanks that these communities depend upon for storing water in order to survive.

 

Stop the JNF is an international campaign aimed at ending the role of the Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemet LeIsrael) (JNF-KKL) in:

  • the on-going displacement of indigenous Palestinians from their land
  • the theft of their property
  • the funding of historic and present day colonies, and
  • the destruction of the natural environment.

Help stop the human rights and environmental violations of the JNF:

  • revoke the charity status of the JNF in your state or country
  • break all ties with the JNF
  • educate others on the JNF
  • sign the Stop the JNF call-to-action
  • organize the Stop the JNF campaign in your city or region

 

Prepaid Water Meters

Prepaid water meters have been implemented in 12 villages in the north of the West Bank, and soon will be in many more communities if swift action is not taken.  Salaam Fayyad’s government has been promoting prepaid water meters as a way to recover costs for water supplied by the Israeli national water company Mekorot.  In 2009, the West Bank Water Department and the Palestinian Ministry of Finance reached an agreement where at least some villages would have all of their development projects frozen by the Ministry of Finance – including upgrades to water networks, roads, and schools – unless the local councils began paying their debts to Mekorot.  Local councils quickly began installing prepaid water meters without giving citizens choice and without implementing any protections for households living in extreme poverty.  As a result, the water consumption gap between rich and poor is increasing.  The World Bank is openly pushing for private sector control of public water resources and infrastructure in Palestine, even though this system has been disastrous in so many parts of the world.  In Palestine, LifeSource is beginning to bring together a coalition to resist this trend towards prepaid water meters and water privatization.

Tovlan: Veolia’s Illegal Landfill

The Tovlan landfill in the Jordan Valley is operated by Veolia Environment, a French multinational corporation, which is profiting from dumping garbage from Israel into occupied Palestinian territory in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.  LifeSource research helped to break the story that waste being brought to the landfill originated inside of Israel.  Veolia also has the contract with Israel for the controversial Jerusalem Light Rail project, which is connecting illegal Israeli settlements to West Jerusalem.  Veolia buses discriminate against Palestinians in their service to the settlements, denying service to Palestinians.

Veolia is the lead privatizer of water in the world.  Veolia is buying up our global water commons for private profit.  Veolia has more than 389 water and sanitation contracts in the US alone, serving “approximately 14 million people in 600 communities.”[i]  Veolia Water is a permanent operator in 67 countries, supplying 100 million people with drinking water worldwide.[ii]  There are countless stories of Veolia failing to deliver on its water and sanitation contracts, and collecting public money all the same.

LifeSource is active in supporting a boycott against Veolia even though Veolia has no water or sanitation contracts in occupied Palestinian territory at this time, because LifeSource is against the privatization of water and sees that this campaign can bring together water rights activists and Palestinian solidarity activists to support each other in local/global struggle.

 

Additional links:

Who Profits, “Veolia's Involvement in the Occupied Jordan Valley – An Update,” October 10th, 2011

Watch the unedited LifeSource interview with a Veolia worker.


 

 


[i] "600-plus communities served; 190-plus wastewater treatment plants operated and maintained; 90-plus water treatment plants operated and maintained; 74 industrial wastewater treatment facilities; 35 industrial water treatment facilities; 2,900 employees in North America; More than 2.2 billion gallons of water and wastewater treated everyday; Services to approximately 14 million people in 600 communities" from http://www.veoliawater.com/about/locations/united-states.htm.  Check and see if they are active in your community, sorry, US residents only: http://www.globalexchange.org/economicactivism/veolia/contracts

 

 

Eden Springs

Eden Springs bottles water in the occupied Golan Heights for profit.  The same company profits from the sale of water from local sources throughout Europe.  Israeli water bottling companies directly profit from Israel’s appropriation of Palestinian and Syrian water resources.  Meanwhile Palestinians are denied sufficient water and must purchase tankered water, with increased cost and risk of waterborne disease.  LifeSource supported the London School of Economics in their successful campaign to boycott Eden Spring Water on their campus in 2010.

There have been many successful boycotts of Eden Springs throughout Scotland, the UK, and Europe.  Join a local campaign or get in touch with organizers of past campaigns to learn more about organizing a campaign on your campus.

 

Mekorot Policies

LifeSource members Eng. Ayed Salamin and Ashraf Ashqar discuss obstructive Mekorot policies in LifeSource’s documentary film Filling Point, directed by Pietro Bellorini

Palestinians in the West Bank purchase more than half of their domestic water supply from the Israeli National Water Company Mekorot.  Mekorot also supplies the vast majority of water consumed by illegal settlements from wells inside of Israel and from more than 42 wells that it controls and operates in the West Bank in violation of international law.  Being dependent upon water supply from Israel leaves Palestinians in a highly vulnerable position.  Mekorot frequently cuts water supply to Palestinian villages and neighborhoods.

While it is true that Israel is selling Palestinians far more water than it is obligated to sell to Palestinians according to the 1995 Oslo II Article 40 water agreement, it is also true that Israel is preventing Palestinians from developing additional quantities of water from new Palestinian wells approved under Oslo.[i]  Israel’s obstruction of Palestinian water development has forced Palestinians into a state of dependence upon purchasing water from Israel.

LifeSource’s documentary film Filling Point, shows the effect of Mekorot restrictions and violations of international law on the 20,000 residents of As-Samou – South Hebron.  The As-Samou Well Pumping Station had been pumping water since 1955 to the residents of As-Samou and an additional 25,000 Palestinian residents in the area.  In 1982, in violation of international law, the Israeli Military Commander sold all Palestinian water infrastructure under its control to Mekorot for one symbolic shekel – including this well and pumping station.  After years of negotiations, As-Samou was permitted to access some limited additional quantities of water from Mekorot via a new filling point to be constructed, but on the condition that this water not be distributed to residents through their existing water network.  Thus residents are forced to rely on slow and expensive water tankers with increased risk of water-borne disease, while a simple pipe is all that is needed to bring water to residents in their home.

 



[i] Israel agreed to allow Palestinians to develop additional quantities of water as “immediate needs” to be realized before the year 2000, as well as “future needs.”  While Israel is indeed selling Palestinians more than they are obligated to sell, it is also the case that little over half of the additional quantities that Palestinians were promised to be able to develop as “immediate needs” have actually been realized today and Israel is currently withholding approval for 82 well drilling projects that would allow Palestinians the quantities approved under Oslo.  World Bank (2009), p. 36.

Jordan River

Dead Sea ecological disaster 1967-2007

Israel controls 100% of the waters of the Jordan River, in direct violation of Palestinian rights.  The diversion of the Jordan River is a central feature of Israel’s National Water Carrier.  Mekorot, the Israeli national water company, which supplies 52% of the domestic water in the West Bank today, was the contractor for the National Water Carrier, which was completed in 1957.

Israel diverts the lower Jordan River to Israel’s coastal plain and then to the Negev desert in the south, with major repercussions today for the health of the ecosystem,[i] peace in the region, and access to water for many Palestinians and Jordanians,[ii] who have depended upon this resource for centuries.  In the 1967 Six Days War and shortly afterwards, Israel destroyed or confiscated all 140 pumping stations on the east and west banks of the Jordan River.

In the Jordan Valley, Israel demolishes Palestinian homes, schools, clinics and water infrastructure, while encouraging the growth of illegal Israeli colonies, including large agricultural plantations exporting water intensive crops to Israel.

See section on the Jordan Valley

 

 


[i] Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon are diverting tributaries to the Jordan River within their territories, which is also contributing to the reduction in flow of the Jordan River.

[ii] While Israel is occupying Syrian territory to control the Jordan River system including the Sea of Galillee and its tributaries in the Golan Heights, Israel’s diversion of the Jordan River doesn’t have a major impact on access to water in Syria.

"Dead Sea ecological disaster 1967-2007" from Hoshana, creative commons